Nutrition for patients after kidney stone surgery

Nutrition for patients after kidney stone surgery

Friday - 17/05/2024 11:24
Diet after kidney stone lithotripsy is interested by many patients. So what to eat after kidney stone lithotripsy to quickly recover health, achieve effective treatment, and avoid stone recurrence? The answer will be presented in the article below.
1. Importance of diet after kidney stone lithotripsy
Nutrition plays an important role in the recovery process of patients after kidney stone lithotripsy. The essential nutrients will help heal the damage to the urinary tract mucosa that occurs during lithotripsy, assist in the elimination of stone fragments, small stones, blood deposits, ... out of the body through the urine.

Some foods may have a negative impact on patients after lithotripsy, so it is necessary to follow the diet that the doctor advises, it is necessary to note the foods that should not be eaten to minimize the problems. Unusual problem, complications can occur at this stage.

2. What to eat after kidney stone lithotripsy?
Many patients still wonder what to eat after lithotripsy, the article will give nutritional advice on the patient's diet after lithotripsy.

2.1. Drink enough water Water is very important for the body. For patients who have just had a kidney stone lithotripsy, water helps to increase urine output to eliminate stone residues during the lithotripsy process. On the other hand, adding enough water to the body limits the ability of urine to deposit, preventing crystals in the urine from agglomerating into stones, thereby reducing the risk of kidney stone recurrence.
Every day the patient needs to add 2-3 liters of water, which can be from many different sources such as: filtered water, cooled boiled water, juice, broth / soup during meals.

2.2. Fruits should be added to the patient's "what to eat" menu of kidney stones, because they contain many essential vitamins and minerals, help strengthen immunity and improve health in patients. recovery period
Fruits containing a lot of vitamin C such as oranges, lemons, guava, papaya, kiwi, ... are very good for patients after kidney stones. Vitamin C has a strong antioxidant effect, enhances immunity and improves health, helps patients reduce fatigue and discomfort after surgical interventions or outside the body.
Citrus fruits, tangerines (Citrus) are also proven to prevent the formation of kidney stones by providing natural citrate to the body, which competes with oxalate to bind calcium, thereby preventing the formation of calcium. into calcium oxalate compounds and reduce the recurrence of kidney stones.

2.3. Foods rich in vitamins A, D, B6 Vitamin D helps to absorb and metabolize calcium better, preventing kidney stones from recurring. Foods rich in vitamin D can be mentioned as: Milk, egg yolks, seafood, ...
Nuts, whole rice or fruits rich in vitamin B6 can reduce the ability to form oxalate - a in the "raw materials" to create kidney stones. And vitamin A has the effect of regulating urine excretion, thereby limiting the formation of urinary stones. Vitamin A is found in many vegetables, tubers and fruits such as: gac, lettuce, sweet potatoes, carrots,...

2.4. Diuretic foods Foods with diuretic effect such as: celery, beets, vegetables, oranges, lemons, corn silk juice or boiled young corn juice, black bean juice, ... help patients excrete stones, debris, blood residue, ... out of the body through the urine.

2.5. High-fiber foods Foods rich in fiber such as: Green vegetables, celery, bell peppers, ... help support digestion, and contribute to limiting the development of stones.

3. What diet should be avoided after kidney stone lithotripsy?
3.1. Limit salt after kidney lithotripsy Eating a lot of salt causes oxalate accumulation, which is a prerequisite for kidney stone formation and can aggravate kidney failure. After lithotripsy should only eat up to 3 grams of salt per day.
3.2. Limit sugar It is necessary to limit sweet foods such as candy, chocolate, ... after lithotripsy, because sucrose and fructose increase the risk of kidney stones and other diseases such as diabetes. In particular, eating a lot of chocolate also increases oxalate radicals and accumulates stones.
3.3. Limit oxalate-rich foods. Patients after lithotripsy should also limit their intake of oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, chocolate, etc. because of the risk of recurrence of stones.
3.4. Limit the amount of protein Protein is essential for the body, helping to restore energy after surgery and intervention. However, patients after lithotripsy should not abuse protein-rich foods, consuming too much protein can cause uric acid accumulation in the blood, the formation of urate salts in the kidneys and an increased risk of stone formation.
3.5. Avoid hard, hot foods Spicy, hot foods or hard-to-digest foods can make the patient constipated. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid these foods after lithotripsy for easier digestion.
3.6. Limit greasy foods Consumption of a lot of fat can affect kidney function, so patients who have just finished lithotripsy should limit foods that contain a lot of fat such as fried, fried or other foods. Eat fast. Instead, you should prefer steaming, boiling instead of frying or stir-frying.
3.7. Limit alcoholic drinks Patients after lithotripsy should not use alcohol, alcoholic beverages or stimulants because it will cause the kidneys to work continuously to eliminate toxins.

In summary, nutrition plays an important role in the patient's recovery process after renal lithotripsy. Some foods may have a negative impact on patients after lithotripsy, so it is necessary to follow the diet that the doctor advises, noting the foods that should not be eaten to minimize any problems. Often, complications can occur at this stage. 
 Tags: kidney stones

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